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A red aquascape: Arizona. In this video you will see James Findley, pro aquascaper and founder of The Green Machine, planting a huge Litre aquarium. In the wake of writing down thoughts and objectives Cara Membuat Air Aquascape Aquarium Bening Aquascape Indonesia Kampoeng. tempat berbagi info dan tips tentang membuat aquascape murah, memilih tanaman air, merawat filter, memilih lampu aquascape, dan merawat ikan hias. Ikan Pleco Hypostomus plecostomus (dikenal bahasa sehari-hari sebagai 'ikan.

Description Aplikasi Belajar Aquascape berisi berbagai kumpulan informasi mengenai cara membuat aquarium dan berbagai hal lainnya yang berhubungan dengan itu. Read More. Smilar Apss to Belajar Aquascape. Kamus Bahasa Arab Lengkap v.

Kamus Penerjemah Semua Bahasa v. Kamus Bahasa Korea Offline v. Kamus Inggris Kamusku v. Kamus Bahasa Inggris Offline v. Kamus Arabic Indonesian v. Ahlussunnah Wal Jamaah v. Doa Jodoh v. Doa Penyeri Wajah v.

Kitab Al Hikam Ibnu Athaillah v. Kitab Rawi Maulid Android v. Manaqib Syekh Abdul Qodir v. Nahwu Shorof Terjemahan v. Pagar Nusa v. Shalawat Nabi Terlengkap v. The cut-off level ranges from 10 milliamps to 30 milliamps, with 30 milliamps being suitable for the aquarium.

Three types of ELCB are available. The first is wired into the main switchboard of a house and can give protection to all power points in the house, not just the aquarium power point. I'm not sure. The second is a wall mounted model, which is a straight replacement for a standard wall socket and looks very similar. Installation is straight forward and most would feel confident about doing the work themselves. The only possible complication is if the socket is part of a ring circuit with more than three wires going into the socket.

If in doubt, get an electrician to do the installation. They are rarely to be found at the general hardware stores.


The third type of ELCB are portable models. These are self-contained units which plug into a standard socket and into which you plug your aquarium equipment, similar to an extension cord.

They have the advantage of being able to be used wherever needed around the house, for instance with power saws hedge trimmers etc. If you would require a wall mounted model to be installed by an electrician they may be worth considering, but their portability is largely wasted in an aquarium setting because it is virtually never free to use for other applications. The choice of whether to install an ELCB or not is up to the individual. Me, I've put off downloading that Eheim filter I've had my eye on for a while!

The easiest to detect is cruelty through violence or neglect. Putting any animal through such treatment is condemned, and rightly so, without question or hesitation. But what about animals that suffer simply because the owners don't know any better?

Is that any better fate for an animal to go through? So often this issue is brushed aside with a shrug, saying that they really tried to care for the animals, or that they had good intentions! Fish tanks have been around for so long that one has pretty much become a commonplace fixture in many homes. Nearly everyone can remember a time when they had a tank in the house or visited a friend who had a tank. Since fish tanks are so commonplace, a lot of people tend to underestimate the care and dedication required keeping a tank healthy and thriving.

Too many people, who have never had fish, believe that fish keeping is the simplest of hobbies, just add water and go! The most common time for fish to be placed in inadequate conditions is when hobbyists are starting up their very first tank.


They are unaware of the need for cycling the tank and going slowly to allow for the required bacteria to grow in the tank, and the fish seem to die for no apparent reason. They stock the tank too quickly since they want an instant showpiece for their home. The second most common mistake people make is to overstock their tanks. They want to see huge schools of fish living happily side by side without any room for movement, and don't know that most of the fish they download are juveniles that will grow to many times their current size.

Other examples of cruelty through ignorance include common mistakes like: Keeping fish in an unsanitary tank. Not treating tap water to remove chlorine. Not acclimatizing the fish when transferring them to a new tank. Adding incompatible species of fish in the same tank such as Oscars in a community tank. Using a tank that is too small for the fish once it is full-grown. Feeding an unhealthy unvaried diet.

Little or no water changes. Having improper lighting for planted tanks. Improper water chemistry for the fish they have. Mixing coldwater and tropical fish in the same tank. Not treating harmed or diseased fish. The easiest way to combat cruelty due to ignorance is to learn as much as you can about your tank, the fish you wish to keep, and the requirements to keep the fish healthy, and then share as much information and experiences, whether good or bad, as you can with other hobbyists.

There are many different inexpensive, reliable resources available to hobbyists, so that fish should not have to suffer because people didn't know any better! In this hobby a little research goes a long way in keeping fish healthy, and in the end it will greatly increase the enjoyment people find when keeping fish. The aquarium nitrogen cycle information presented below may be rather boring to most people, but it is absolutely essential to understand this process if you want to be successful at keeping fish!

Steps in the Process: Ammonia 3. Nitrites 4. Nitrates 5. Water changes to remove nitrates and DOC Some call it the biological cycle, the nitrification process, new tank syndrome or even the startup cycle. They all are referring to the same cycle - The Nitrogen Cycle. The aquarium nitrogen cycle is a very important process for the establishment of beneficial bacteria in the aquarium and in the filter media that will help in the conversion of ammonia to nitrite and then the conversion of nitrite to nitrates.

Check out the aquarium water chemistry page on the left for more information on these terms. This process can take from 2 weeks to 2 months or longer to complete. It is vital for anyone planning on keeping aquarium fish to understand this process. Learning about this process will help you to be successful in keeping fish and it should definitely improve your chances when keeping tropical fish.

The best way to monitor the nitrogen cycle is to download an aquarium test kit that will test for ammonia, nitrites, nitrates and ph. Test your aquarium water every other day and write down your readings. You will first see ammonia levels rising.

A few weeks or so later you should see the nitrite levels rising and the ammonia levels dropping. Finally, after a few more weeks you should see the nitrate levels rising and the nitrite levels dropping.

When you no longer detect ammonia or nitrites but you can detect nitrates you can assume that it is safe to add your tropical fish. Photo Credit: Ilmari Karonen Nitrogen Cycle Stages Stage 1 Ammonia is introduced into the aquarium via tropical fish waste and uneaten food. The tropical fish waste and excess food will break down into either ionized ammonium NH4 or un-ionized ammonia NH3. Ammonium is not harmful to tropical fish but ammonia is.

Whether the material turns into ammonium or ammonia depends on the ph level of the water. If the ph is under 7, you will have ammonium. If the ph is 7 or higher you will have ammonia. Stage 2 Soon, bacteria called nitrosomonas will develop and they will oxidize the ammonia in the tank, essentially eliminating it. The byproduct of ammonia oxidation is Nitrites. So we no longer have ammonia in the tank, but we now have another toxin to deal with - Nitrites. Nitrites are just as toxic to tropical fish as ammonia.

If you have a test kit, you should be able to see the nitrite levels rise around the end of the first or second week.

Stage 3 Bacteria called nitrobacter will develop and they will convert the nitrites into nitrates. Nitrates are not as harmful to tropical fish as ammonia or nitrites, but nitrate is still harmful in large amounts.

The quickest way to rid your aquarium of nitrates is to perform partial water changes. Once your tank is established you will need to monitor your tank water for high nitrate levels and perform partial water changes as necessary. There are other methods to control nitrates in aquariums besides water changes. For freshwater fish tanks, live aquarium plants will use up some of the nitrates. In saltwater fish tanks, live rock and deep sand beds can have anaerobic areas where denitrifying bacteria can breakdown nitrates into harmless nitrogen gas that escapes through the water surface of the aquarium.

Getting The Nitrogen Cycle Started There are two ways to get the aquarium cycle started, either with fish or without fish. Starting The Nitrogen Cycle With Fish This is not the preferred way to get the nitrogen cycle started because the fish are being exposed to ammonia and nitrites during this process.

Many fish cannot and will not make it through the cycling process. Often times the fish become stressed and fish disease starts to break out.

I wonder what percentage of disease is caused by the cycling of new aquariums. Certain species are hardier than others and seem to tolerate the start-up cycle better than others. For freshwater tanks, the zebra danio is a very hardy fish that many use to get the nitrogen cycle started. For saltwater tanks, some have reported success using damselfish to get the process started.

Again, using fish to cycle is not a good idea and you may be throwing your money on dead fish out the window. There is a better way. Read on, young grasshopper. To easily get an ammonia reading from your tank water try the Seachem Ammonia Alert. It sticks inside the tank and has a circle that changes color depending on the ammonia levels in the tank. Option 1: Using Fish Food Drop in a few flakes every 12 hours.

As the food decomposes it will release ammonia. You will have to continue to "feed" the tank throughout the process to keep it going. Option 2: Use a small piece of raw fish or a raw shrimp Drop a 2 inch by 1 inch chunk of raw fish or a raw shrimp into the tank.

As it decomposes it will release ammonia into the tank. Option 3: Using a dropper, add 5 drops of ammonia per 10 gallons of aquarium water. If you don't get an ammonia reading with your test kit, add some more drops until you start to see an ammonia FishLore. Keep track of how many drops you've used so you can repeat this process daily.

Continue to dose the tank with ammonia until you start to get nitrite readings with your test kit. Once you can detect nitrites you should only add 3 drops of ammonia per 10 gallons of aquarium water, or if you added more drops originally to get an ammonia reading cut the amount of drops used in half. Continue this process daily until you get nitrate readings with your test kit. Option 4: This will seed the tank with all of the necessary bacteria for the nitrogen cycle.

Depending on how fast you were able to get the gravel and filter media into your tank, you may be getting nitrate readings in only a day or two. There are some drawbacks to this method. Ask your source if they have recently used any copper medications in the tank. If they have and you are planning to have invertebrates in the tank you should probably not use this method.

Invertebrates will not tolerate copper. Get a copper test kit to determine if it's safe to use. Option 5: Using live rock in Saltwater Tanks The use of live rock in saltwater tanks has really taken off over the past few years. The reason for this is because it is one of the best forms of biological filtration available for saltwater tanks. The shape the rock is in when you get it will determine how long the nitrogen cycle will take. See step 7 on the saltwater setup page for more information on live rock.

Option 6: Use Colonize by Dr. Foster and Smith - claims to colonize your water with the necessary bacteria needed to get the cycle going along with detoxifying ammonia so it doesn't harm the fish.

To be used at the start of the tank setup and whenever you add new fish to your tank. Another bacteria culture product is Tetra SafeStart.


People have reported success on the forum with using Tetra SafeStart. Do a quick search on the forum for other members' input. This product claims to contain some patent pending species of nitrifying bacteria that will cycle your tank in 24 hours. Some of the FishLore forum members have tried it and it sounds like it is legitimate. It is kind of expensive, but if you already have fish in your tank and they are suffering through the cycle, you may want to check this stuff out.

There are both FishLore. Please let us know if you use this and if it works for you by submitting comments below. Once the cycle has started only add one or two fish at a time. Wait a couple of weeks before adding more fish.

This will give your tank the time it needs to catch up with the increased bioload. Speeding Up the Cycling Process There are things you can do to speed along the process of cycling your aquarium.

Borrow some gravel from an established and cycled aquarium.

If you have another tank with an extra filter you can use it. If you have a really nice friend with an established and cycled aquarium, ask if you can have one of their used filter media. It will be loaded with the good bacteria that we are looking for. There are products on the market that claim to introduce the beneficial bacteria. For more information, check out products like Bio-spira and Tetra SafeStart in option 6 above.

There are many more products entering the market that contain the beneficial bacteria necessary to seed your tank. Between live rock for saltwater aquariums and the bottled bacteria being readily available, there really is no excuse to make fish suffer through a cycle. Most think of mechanical filtration when it comes to aquarium filters but as you will soon see, there are some other filter types that you need to know about.

Mechanical Filtration Biological Filtration Chemical Filtration Mechanical Aquarium Filtration Mechanical filtration removes the free floating particles from the aquarium water. The siphoning action of a power filter that hangs on the back of an aquarium does a decent job of this type of filtration. Biological Aquarium Filtration Biological filtration is the most important aquarium filtration type because it deals with the growing of the good bacteria in your aquarium filter.

The good bacteria is the bacteria that converts ammonia to nitrite and then converts nitrite into nitrate. This establishment of bacteria is essential to your success with keeping tropical fish. For more information please read about the Nitrogen Cycle. Often times this is accomplished through the use of activated carbon in the aquarium filter. Activated carbon can also help to reduce odors.

Many people dislike using carbon in their tanks due to the fact that the carbon is useful for only a short period and then must be replaced. If it doesn't FishLore. Zeolites can also be used in chemical filtration.

Zeolite removes ammonia from your aquarium water and can be a fish life saver if you have high ammonia levels. Many first time fish keepers mistakenly add too many fish to a new aquarium before it has cycled and experience the disappointing loss of their fish.

Using zeolite during the cycling process in your aquarium filter can help prevent this from happening but it has the side effect of lengthening the time it takes to complete the aquarium nitrogen cycle.

Types of Aquarium Filters Corner Filter The corner filter sits inside the aquarium in one of the corners or even sticks on to the glass.

It is very low-tech but a corner aquarium filter can be used successfully for mechanical, chemical and biological filtration. The key is not to change out the entire filter material when performing maintenance. Only change out the carbon and part of the filter material. Corner filters require frequent maintenance and are only used in very small tanks these days if at all. Undergravel Filter UGF Undergravel filters are commonly found with beginner's aquarium kits and the undergravel filter has been around for a long time.

Undergravel aquarium filters can provide good mechanical filtration because it forces the water down through the aquarium gravel where particles are trapped. You can then use an aquarium vacuum to clean the detritus. Biological filtration occurs in the gravel because of the slow flow of water through it. The water is then pushed up through the uplift tubes in the back of the tank where chemical filtration takes place with the activated carbon in the top of the tubes.

The problem with this type of aquarium filter stems from the fact that it can be difficult to thoroughly vacuum the gravel and harmful gas pockets can form under the gravel plates thereby harming your tropical fish. I personally don't use undergravel filters because of this reason.

There's a lot of controversy surrounding the use of undergravel filtration. Check out The Undergravel Filter Controversy for more on this subject. Many long time fishkeepers still use. If you do use an undergravel filter try to regularly vacuum your gravel to prevent the harmful gasses from forming.

Sponge Filter. Sponge filters can provide a cheap and effective form of biological filtration. Stonehenge Show Based on tradtional Japanese flower arrangement, this style takes its cue from the rules and guideline that apply to this ancient art form.

Show This style takes its que from the neolithic stone structure found on the British isles.

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Trilithons and tombulous mounds as are found at Newgrange would also fall into this catagory. Combo of forest, iwagumi, and convex Spoiler: Combo of rectangle, stream and concave Spoiler: Combo of double isle, and arch Combination Catagory Since no two tanks are alike there will be hibreds and crossovers.

Such combinations can be really amazing to see and very inspiring. Here are but a few Show Show Show Spoiler: Combo of double island, and woodland Show Show Spoiler: Combo of Arch, concave, and island Show Last edited by arvant; at Nov LA 1, 6 Spoiler: Nov LA 1, 7 Spoiler: Combo of forest and triangle, concave Spoiler: Reply Reply With Quote , Mar MP4 No.

Satu post bisa maksimum 30 foto, jadi maksimal kan lah. Biar dibaca nya rapih, dan gak BW killer lalu jangan lupa cantumkan source Art influences art, so you dont need to feel purist about your masterpiece. May pondok gede 2, 9 Dewa Aquascape agung. Use Your Imaginations! Oct depok Info Last Quick Navigation Aquascaping The time now is Powered by vBulletin Version 4.

All rights reserved. Every articles and pictures that was made here, belonged to indoaquascape.

We have every rights to use them for any purpose and interests. Credits should be given to the rightful author. Aquascaping Kategori Uploaded by sukmawatisari. Flag for inappropriate content. Related titles. Jump to Page. Search inside document. Documents Similar To Aquascaping Kategori. Setyo Utomo. Rizky Mega Darmawan. Toby Yuen. More From sukmawatisari.

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Rey Kelirey. Popular in Arts. Eli Jr. Surya Ariyandi. Indra Kris. Tehseen Marwat Sunny. Aron Tarbuck. JC Garcia. Annie Harrison. Liu Xiao. Eleanor OKell. Florian Sydow.Combo of forest, iwagumi, and convex Spoiler: For this reason, to get the full flowering beauty from the cryptocorynes family , it is important to have the grow emersed so that they can achieve their blooms. That can help increase surface agitation and aeration in your tank.

They all are referring to the same cycle - The Nitrogen Cycle. There are other methods to control nitrates in aquariums besides water changes. Yet it was still vivid in her mind: her grandmothers slightly hoarse quiet voice, the taking of the tram across the river, the waning afternoon, the ache in her limping, broken leg: but above all, the desire to make something for someone, for no tatiana's table ebook From traditional Russian cuisine to American staples, to exotic dishes with international flair, Tatiana's Table is full of twists and turns to delight readers and food lovers everywhere.

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A: The rocks used here are Seiryu rocks or mini landscape rocks that I have collected over the last couple of years. Many saltwater hobbyists add any saltwater supplements to the sump instead of the main tank. Hook up your filter and any other equipment you have, then top off the aquarium water in your freshwater aquarium setup to just under the hood lip.